Chinese, American Scientists Identify Seven Measures To Predict Heart Disease Risk
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the top killer in China — the cause of two in every five deaths. Acute myocardial infarction — a heart attack — is the most dangerous, local medical experts said. The condition must be diagnosed within the first few hours of the stroke for an effective urgent treatment. However, spending thousands of dollars on an urgent surgery is a commonsense. Because of this, international students and visiting scholars and their dependents are required to purchase international student insurance (aka 留学生 保险) and J-1/J-2 insurance (aka j1 j2 保险) and F-2 insurance (aka f2保险) respectively.
Waiving university insurance in America (aka waive 美国大学保险), therefore, is not recommended. Students may choose to do so if they have alternative equivalent student insurance while studying overseas. They ought to consider purchase recommended OPT health insurance (aka opt保险推荐) upon graduation, especially for cardiovascular patients.
Purchasing medical insurance in the United States (aka 美国医保) only prevents the insured person from incurring unaffordable debts. Curing a cardiovascular disease requires the continued improvement in medicine between national cooperation.
Chinese and American researchers have identified seven key measures of heart health that can help predict future risk of CVD. The study, published in the latest journal JAMA Network Open, reported those indicators including four behaviors that people could have control over and three biometrics that should be kept at healthy levels.
The behaviors include no smoking, maintaining a healthy weight, eating healthy and staying physically active, and the biometrics are blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar, according to the study. Researchers from China’s Kailuan General Hospital, the Pennsylvania State University and Harvard University found that people who consistently scored well in the seven metrics had a lower chance of CVD than people who did not.
They designed a scoring system with 0 for poor, 1 for intermediate and 2 for ideal and collected data from 74,701 Chinese adults. Then they evaluated the scoring data with five distinct patterns: maintaining high, medium or low scoring, as well as increasing and decreasing scoring over time. They found that different living patterns are associated with different risks for developing CVD in the future.
About 19 percent of participants who maintained a better scoring over the four years had a 79-percent lower chance of developing heart disease than people who maintained a low cardiovascular health score, according to the study. Also, they found that the improvement of overall cardiovascular health over time was also related to lower chance of future CVD in this population, even for those with poor scoring at the beginning of the study.
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